Treatment of Misophonia

The DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) does not classify misophonia as a discrete disorder. Psychiatrists, physicians, psychologists, social workers, and occupational therapists all use the DSM-5. Although Misophonia is not considered a psychiatric illness, the DSM-5 still applies. It guides procedure, insurance concerns, general practice, and treatments.
 

Why are people sensitive to some sounds?

The exact cause of misophonia is unknown. Therefore, there is no completely effective treatment for misophonia. But, this does not mean that one cannot get help. There are some effective coping methods that can be very useful.
 

What can be done for misophonia?

Some proposed treatments are the ones used for similar disorders. This includes tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT). TRT teaches people to tolerate certain noises. Also used is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which involves changing negative thoughts. Adding background noise to a person’s environment is a predominate treatment. It helps people ignore/tolerate their trigger sounds. Other less used approaches to treatment have included desensitization techniques, deconditioning, and medications.
According to Wikipedia, misophonia has no current evidence-based treatment available. Many other sources agree.
 
Misophonia.com strives to provide relative and current information on misophonia. And, we recognize that misophonia is still in the initial stages of study. Keeping an open mind may serve us well when seeking treatment options. There is no definitive course of action. But, research indicates that treatment will be addressing sensory and neurological matters.
 
Supporting research is worthwhile. Viable treatments get discovered when research is active well-funded.
 
Misophonia.com promotes participation in online support groups as part of self-help. These groups are helpful to many people and offer camaraderie and support. The members of the Facebook group report that connecting with others is very helpful.

The internet offers different misophonia treatments.

It is sensible to evaluate information before accepting it as fact. Managing one’s misophonia-related issues requires caution. This is because misophonia is not well-studied. It has no definitive cause or standard treatment. At this point, there are early small-scale studies that have not yielded definitive results. A statement released by Duke University said: “There are no single specific behavioral or device-based treatments that have been rigorously tested scientifically and shown to efficaciously treat misophonia.” In other words, buyer beware.
 
We should expect answers from providers about their proposed treatment plans. One should have some idea about the treatment’s components. For example, which interventions will the provider use? And, what is the rationale for their approach? Is it based on any scientific study or evidence? Lastly, are there any potential risks involved with the proposed treatment?
 

Documentation is important!

Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD, a psychiatrist, wrote an article for MedicineNet.com. She states: “ Since it is thought that this illness develops at least partly as the result of the misophonia sufferer developing a conditioned response to certain noises, an approach that has had some success is the process of deconditioning people with this disorder.” Since the article doesn’t mention the source of this claim. A search for more detailed documentation on desensitization is in order. The page ends with this ambiguous phrase: “Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on (insert date here).” Also, each page’s footer also contains a disclaimer. It reads: “MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
 
Should we discount all the information on MedicineNet.com? No, not altogether. But one may wish to get more detailed information.
 
Similarly, WebMD.com also states that it does not “provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.” It presents a limited explanation of misophonia using only one audiologist’s opinion. This audiologist treats tinnitus and hyperacusis. But, the information in the article appears to be reasonable. It mirrors suggested treatments found elsewhere. (e.g. psychological counseling, sound masking, use of medication) But this is still only one audiologist’s opinion. It’s not scientific or medical consensus.

Who Can Help?

Audiologists

An audiologist may help by evaluating whether a person has misophonia or some other audiological issue. Audiologists can suggest the use of earplugs and fit them to an individual. These can be made to supply white noise or other sounds to mask problem noises.

Psychologists

Psychologists can help people by evaluating and studying behavior and mental processes. A plan for reducing stress and coping with the symptoms of misophonia could be developed by a psychologist familiar with the condition.

Psychiatrists

A psychiatrist is a medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Although misophonia is not a psychiatric condition, psychiatrists can prescribe medication to treat the symptoms of anxiety, insomnia, rage, and depression.

Neurologists

A neurologisdt is a doctor with specialized training in diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. Most of the time, a primary care doctor refers patients to a neurologist if they have symptoms that indicate a neurological condition.

Occupational Therapists

An occupational therapist may help with assessing treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder.




0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *